CEN-SAD is the largest regional organization in terms of the number of Member States, population and land area. The economies of most countries of CEN-SAD depend mainly on agriculture sector which accounts for about 30% of gross domestic product (GDP). Despite its important contribution to GDP, this sector lacks investments. For example, the proportion of the national budget to the agriculture sector in the CEN-SAD remains below 10% in most Member States, contrary to their commitment to continental and regional levels. The agriculture practiced in the countries of CEN-SAD and remains generally rainfed and highly dependent on ATURAL resources, with the exception of agriculture of the countries of the northern part of the organization.
The main partner in the region of CEN-SAD is the EU, which account for 36% of exports. Less than 10% of the Community's trade is with Africa. The inter-community trade is slightly under 6% (2003). These figures give a picture of the opportunities offered by the volume of trade for agriculture products, livestock and fisheries that should be developed and exploited.
The state of cooperation between CEN-SAD and other organizations is:
Situation with regard to peace and security
The region managed to maintain peace through a process of normalization of relations with the countries affected by conflict. However, the crisis in Somalia still affects the region of the Horn of Africa. CEN-SAD was able to conclude the following protocols on peace:
- Protocol on the prevention mechanism, management and resolution of conflicts
- Convention on Cooperation on security issues;
- Charter on Security
The Regional Program for Food Security (RFSP / CEN-SAD)
The implementation of this program is in the financial resources mobilization phase. CEN-SAD conducted a mission from BADEA in Khartoum to discuss the possibility of the Bank participate in the financing of this phase.
The Bank has had to help and it was agreed that States must submit funding applications. Countries have now been told they had to formulate their demands and present. The process is underway.
CEN-SAD currently collaborating with the AfDB has already made known its agreement to finance the project, in order to allow the launch. A technical workshop was organized for experts of the African Water Facility, the Observatory of the Sahel and Sahara (OSS) in February 2010 in Tunis to amend the document of the monograph according to comments made by the Committee on easy on the project, in its meeting held on 28 August 2008. a formal letter transmitting the amended document was presented on 27 April 2010. the document clearly indicates the approach, the added value and the elements related to the sustainability of interventions this project.
At the end of 2009, the CEN-SAD was contacted by the Department of Rural Economy and Agriculture of the AU on the definition, with the assistance of FAO, a project for submission to funding EU under the EU joint initiative / AU on food security in Africa. Under the umbrella of the AU, the document submitted to the EU for funding and the process evolves favorably.
In March 2010, the AU, CEN-SAD. The CILSS and OSS exchanged views on how it was necessary to proceed to finalize the list of Member States that are involved in the first phase of the Great Green Wall in the Sahel.
Location of Development of Infrastructures and Services
The search for funding for the study of the electrical interconnection and the renewable sources of Program 'el energy is over. A third meeting of Mines Ministers was held and recommended the adoption of an Action Plan for mine development. At the meeting of Ministers of Energy and Mines on 3 and 4 December 2009 in Rabat, Morocco, the following issues were discussed:
- Cooperation in the field of production and distribution of energy (oil, renewable energy, electricity grids, and energy efficiency)
- Coopé dans le domaine des ressources minières (infrastructure géologique, exploitation minière locale et à petite échelle, commerce des produits miniers, gestion des concessions et des registres miniers, législation minière, recherche et développement dans le domaine des mines).
- Coopération dans le domaine des générateurs de sécurité, des installations minières et de la protection de l’environnement.
A cet égard, les Etats membres de la CEN-SAD enverront un mémorandum technique reflétant leurs propositions sur les conditions d’accession au marché communautaire et les mesures à prendre pour la promotion du commerce des produits miniers.
Les mesures d’octroi sélectif des visas ont été formalisées dans une décision qui a été signée par 17 Etats membres depuis mai 2009.
Through this Decision, the holders of diplomatic, service passports duly issued, and the Special Envoys duly mandates by the competent authorities are exempt from the requirement to obtain an entry visa for visits not exceeding 30 consecutive days in the Member States signatories.
The development of a protocol on the free movement of persons, goods and services is ongoing.
The partners are: the African Union, the European Union, ECOWAS, FAO, CILSS, ADB, BADEA